Stay Fit – Get To Know Your Comprehensive Metabolic Panel Results
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel
A Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) screening test provides you with an insight and expert recommendations to improve your health and fitness. Reviewing your results on a scheduled timeline helps you track your fitness lifestyle by measuring the effectiveness of actions that you’re taking to improve your health.
To get your best workout results, you should know your CMP results, or chemical screen (CMP; CPT code 80053 – a panel of 14 blood tests), which serves as an initial broad medical screening tool. The results provide an overall picture of your body’s chemical balance and metabolism. Metabolism refers to all of the physical and chemical processes in the body that use energy. This test will give you information by screening the kidney, liver function, chloride levels (called electrolytes), blood sugar, cholesterol, calcium levels, sodium, potassium, protein levels, and electrolytes (minerals in the body).
The good news is that the CMP test may be covered by your yearly physical doctor’s visit.
ALBUMUN: 3.9 to 5.0 g/dL
Is a protein made by the liver. A serum albumin test measures the amount of this protein in the clear liquid portion of the blood.
ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE: 44 to 147 IU/L
Is a protein found in all body tissues. Tissues with particularly high amounts of ALP include the liver, bile ducts, and bone.
ALT (alanine aminotransferase): 8 to 37 IU/L
Is an enzyme found in the highest amounts in the liver. Injury to the liver results in release of this substance into the blood.
AST (aspartate aminotransferase): 10 to 34 IU/L
Is an enzyme found in high amounts in the liver, heart, and muscle cells. It is also found in lesser amounts in other tissues.
BUN (blood urea nitrogen): 7 to 20 mg/dL
BUN stands for blood urea nitrogen. Urea nitrogen is what forms when protein breaks down.
CALCIUM: 8.5 to 10.9 mg/dL
All cells need calcium in order to work. Calcium helps build strong bones and teeth. It is important for heart function, and helps with muscle contraction, nerve signaling, and blood clotting
CHLORIDE: 96 – 106 mmol/L
Is a type of electrolyte. It works with other electrolytes such as potassium, sodium, and carbon dioxide (CO2) to help keep the proper balance of body fluids and maintain the body’s acid-base balance.
CO2 (carbon dioxide): 20 to 29 mmol/L
Is carbon dioxide. This article discusses the laboratory test to measures the amount of carbon dioxide in the liquid part of your blood, called the serum.
CREATININE: 0.8 to 1.4 mg/dL **
Creatinine is a breakdown product of creatine, which is an important part of muscle. This article discusses the laboratory test to measure the amount of creatinine in the blood.
GLUCOSE TEST: 700 to 100 mg/dL
A blood glucose test measures the amount of a sugar called glucose in a sample of your blood. Glucose is a major source of energy for most cells of the body, including those in the brain. Carbohydrates (or carbs) are found in fruit, cereal, bread, pasta, and rice. They are quickly turned into glucose in your body. This raises your blood glucose level. Hormones made in the body called insulin and glucagon help control blood glucose levels.
POTASSIUM TEST: 3.7 to 5.2 mEq/L
Potassium (K+) helps nerves and muscles communicate. It also helps move nutrients into cells and waste products out of cells. Potassium levels in the body are mainly controlled by the hormone aldosterone.
SODIUM 136 to 144 mEq/L
Is a substance that the body needs to work properly. Sodium is found in most foods. The most common form of sodium is sodium chloride, which is table salt
TOTAL BILIRUBIN: 0.2 to 1.9 mg/dL
Is a yellowish pigment found in bile, a fluid made by the liver. This article discusses the laboratory test that is done to measure bilirubin in the blood. A small amount of older red blood cells are replaced by new blood cells every day. Bilirubin is left after these older blood cells are removed. The liver helps break down bilirubin so that it can be removed from the body in the stool.
TOTAL PROTEIN: 6.3 to 7.9 g/dL
The total protein test measures the total amount of two classes of proteins found in the fluid portion of your blood: albumin and globulin. Proteins are important parts of all cells and tissues. For example, albumin helps prevent fluid from leaking out of blood vessels. Globulins are an important part of your immune system.
Credits and Reference:
U.S. National Library of Medicine
National Institutes of Health
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